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Replacement Cost

Replacement Cost is the amount of money needed to replace an asset with a new one of similar kind and quality, without deducting for depreciation.

What is a Replacement Cost in Insurance?

In the context of insurance, Replacement Cost is a crucial concept. When an asset, such as a building, machinery, or inventory, is damaged or destroyed, Replacement Cost coverage ensures that the policyholder can replace the asset with a new one of similar kind and quality.


Imagine your business owns a building that unfortunately gets destroyed in a fire. If you have a Replacement Cost policy, your insurance would pay the amount needed to rebuild the same building with the same materials and specifications as before, even if construction costs have increased since you originally bought or built it.

Replacement Cost Graphic Insurance Glossary

Key Components of Replacement Cost

1. Current Market Price

The Replacement Cost is based on the current market price of the asset. This means that if the cost of materials and labor has increased since you originally purchased the asset, the insurance will cover these increased costs.

2. Like Kind and Quality

Replacement Cost coverage ensures that the new asset is of similar kind and quality as the one being replaced. This means you won’t be left with a lesser quality item after a loss.

3. No Depreciation Deduction

Unlike Actual Cash Value (ACV) policies, Replacement Cost coverage does not deduct for depreciation. Depreciation refers to the decrease in the value of an asset over time due to wear and tear or obsolescence. With Replacement Cost, the focus is on replacing the asset as new, regardless of its age or condition at the time of loss.

Types of Replacement Cost Covered

Building Replacement Cost

This type of Replacement Cost covers the expense of rebuilding a structure to its original specifications after it has been damaged or destroyed. It includes the cost of materials, labor, and any other expenses involved in the construction process.

Personal Property Replacement Cost

This coverage applies to personal property within a business, such as office furniture, equipment, and inventory. It ensures that these items can be replaced with new ones of similar kind and quality without considering depreciation.

Equipment Replacement Cost

For businesses that rely heavily on specific machinery or equipment, this type of Replacement Cost coverage is vital. It covers the cost of replacing damaged or destroyed equipment with new equipment of the same kind and quality.

Contents Replacement Cost

This type of Replacement Cost insurance covers the contents within a building, such as fixtures, fittings, and other integral components that are not necessarily part of the structure itself.

Exclusions and Limitations

While Replacement Cost coverage is comprehensive, there are certain exclusions and limitations to be aware of:

1. Policy Limits

Every insurance policy has a limit, which is the maximum amount the insurer will pay for a covered loss. It’s crucial to ensure that your policy limit is adequate to cover the full replacement cost of your assets.

2. Non-Covered Perils

Certain perils, such as floods or earthquakes, may not be covered under standard Replacement Cost policies. Separate insurance may be required for these risks.

3. Outdated or Obsolete Items

If the asset being replaced is outdated or obsolete, the insurer may only cover the cost of a similar modern equivalent, rather than an exact replacement.

4. Compliance with Modern Codes

When rebuilding, you may be required to comply with new building codes or regulations. The additional costs associated with these compliance requirements may not be fully covered under your Replacement Cost policy unless specifically included.

Replacement Cost Photo Insurance Glossary