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Occurrence Policy

An Occurrence Policy in insurance is a type of policy that covers claims arising from incidents that occur during the policy period, regardless of when the claim is actually filed. This means that even if a claim is filed years after the policy has expired, it will still be covered as long as the incident happened while the policy was active.

What is an Occurrence Policy in Insurance?

An Occurrence Policy is a form of insurance that provides coverage for incidents that happen during the time the policy is in effect. The key feature of an Occurrence Policy is that it focuses on the timing of the event causing the claim, rather than the timing of the claim itself.


Imagine you own a small manufacturing business. You have an Occurrence Policy in place from January 1, 2022, to December 31, 2022. If a customer is injured due to one of your products on November 1, 2022, and they decide to file a claim in March 2024, your Occurrence Policy from 2022 will still cover this claim. This is because the incident (the injury) occurred during the period when your policy was active.

Key Components of Occurrence Policy

An Occurrence Policy has several important components that business owners should understand:

1. Coverage Period

The coverage period is the timeframe during which incidents must occur for the policy to provide coverage. For an Occurrence Policy, this period is crucial because any incident that happens within this period is covered, no matter when the claim is made.

2. Triggering Event

The triggering event is the actual incident or occurrence that causes the damage or loss. In an Occurrence Policy, the triggering event must happen within the coverage period for the policy to respond to a claim.

3. Long-Tail Coverage

Occurrence Policies are known for their long-tail coverage, meaning they provide protection against claims made long after the policy has expired, as long as the incident occurred during the policy period. This can be particularly beneficial for businesses that may face claims years after the actual event, such as those in construction or manufacturing.